Election Monitoring

Election Monitoring

Youth Action Nepal in collaboration with various youth organization has mobilized young peoples for election monitoring on local election 2017 in Nepal.

Youth Action Nepal, as secretariat of election monitoring campaign played key role on monitoring local election with:

Organizational Introduction (Alliances)

Youth Alliance for Election is a non-profit, autonomous and youth led-youth run network/alliance of youth organizations established in 2017. A Network has created with the name “Youth Alliance for Election”. It has organized including Association of Youth Organizations Nepal (AYON) (www.ayon.org) Youth Action Nepal (www.youthaction.org.np)  Jagriti Child and Youth concern Nepal (JCYCN) (www.jcycnepal.org.np), 4-H Nepal (www.4hnepal.org.np), HERLIC-Nepal, Emerging power Nepal (www.epon.org.np), Media Action Nepal (www.mediaactionnepal.org) having more than two dozen members in the leading team. The role of leading team is to run campaign through secretariat, AYON.

It acts as an umbrella organization and provides a common platform for collaboration, cooperation, joint actions and collective endeavor among youth organizations in Nepal. It aims to bring Nepali youth organizations inside a single forum to create a strong voice for Nepali youth from local to national level. It gives a platform to the youth organizations, where they have the opportunity to learn from each other’s experiences and take collective actions for carrying out youth led initiatives in Nepal.  Youth Alliance for election is engaged in policy advocacy to create moral pressure on the government for designing youth friendly policies and programs during election.

Vision:

The platform will be enabled and encourage the social, political and economic empowerment of youth in all strata of the society to ensure the seat in the Local Election.

Specific Objective

  • To establish a connect between youth from diverse backgrounds like politics, social sector, education, sports, industry, media, arts & culture, and students by providing them a platform for deliberations, discussions, debates, and for evolving reciprocal and continuing engagement on all youth centric issues and challenges.
  • To create the conducive environment to the entire adult and youth during the election and after the election.
  • To strengthen the participation of youth in decision making processes across all segments and levels of society through election.
  • To enhance the network between eminent young male and female to enable them to take leadership roles in all sectors.

Activities

An election is a formal decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office. Elections have been the usual mechanism by which modern representative democracy has operated since the 17th century. Elections may fill offices in the legislature, sometimes in the executive and judiciary, and for regional and local government. This process is also used in many other private and business organizations, from clubs to voluntary associations and corporations. Election is the study of results and other statistics relating especially with a view to predicting future results. With a huge percentage (almost 1.8 million) of first time voters being added to the voters’ list this year, the decisions of these elections will be in the hands of the youth in a big way.

Organogram:

Human Rights

Human Rights

YOAC aims to develop the organization as a Human Rights Learning Centre in order to educate youth and prepare multiplier frontline HR activists from grassroots to national level.

By 2005, over 12,000 people had died from the decade long Maoist insurgency. Nepal plunged into a deeper democratisation crisis when former King Gyanendra dismissed the Prime Minister, taking over all executive responsibilities and declaring a state of emergency.

While promising a return to democracy within three years after the defeat the Maoist rebels, many politicians were detained, media was restricted, security force powers increased and many civil liberties were suspended in order to prevent mass demonstrations.

Maoist rebels and main opposition parties agree on a programme to restore democracy in Nepal.

2006 was marked by the famous People’s Movement for Democracy – a nineteen-day protest from 6th – 24th April against the illegitimate rule of the royal regime.

The power of the people successfully toppled King Gyanendra’s autocratic rule and reinstating the dissolved House of Parliament. United together, Nepali people in the streets demanded holding elections for Constituent Assembly for the formation of an interim government.

Towards the end of the year, the multiparty alliance signed a historic peace deal with the Maoists ending a decade of violence and ushering in hopes for long-term peace. The Maoists are to join the transitional government.

Youth involvement in the development of ‘new Nepal’ has never become more crucial in ensuring sustainable peace.

In 2008, the first historic meeting of the Constituent Assembly declared Nepal as a federal democratic republic.  The newly formed Constituent Assembly was more representative and inclusive in terms of embracing people from underprivileged and marginalized communities, gender and ethnicity compared to past parliamentarian practices.

However, due to the lack of proper handling of the transitional phase by the newly formed government, many demonstrations continued from different political parties, ethnic groups and interest groups. The safe landing of the peace process and drafting of an inclusive constitution accepted by all people forms Nepal’s next greatest challenge.

After the sacking of the army chief by the Maoist ministers, the major supporting parties withdrew their support for the government and followed by the resignation of CPN UML ministers followed by then prime minister Puspa Kamal Dahal.

The following government, once formed, fell short of a fully-fledged cabinet form due to delay in the nomination of ministers by the respective parties. CPN U Maoist clearly stated their disagreement and protested, causing the public to question the success of constitution making process and the peace process.

This public sense of doubt grew with the continuous disruptions to parliament resulting in constitution making process delays.

In 2010, the country fell once again into a political crisis where the government fell into a political deadlock over constitution drafting and budgeting. Without a newly elected Prime Minister, the country continued to drift in a state of statelessness.

The public, particularly youth, grew increasingly frustrated, dissatisfied and begun to lose hope with country’s lack of progress towards peace, constitution drafting, security and economic development.

large anti-government protests occur for the first time since the election of the new government.

Earth Quake Response

Earth Quake Response

Background:

As a result of 7.8 Magnitude earthquake on 25 April 2015, 7.4 Magnitude earthquake on 12 May 2015 and their effects, the Government of Nepal has confirmed that total of 8969 people have died (4956 Female, 4007 Male, 6 Unidentified), and 22,321 injured. 602592 houses were destroyed or fully damaged beyond repair and 284,482 partially damaged by the two earthquakes and aftershock  32,145 classrooms were destroyed and 26,080 damaged as a result of earthquake; with the net value of total damage and loss on education sector estimated at $313.2 million. The UN estimated after the earthquake that 2.8 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, out of which over 860,000 people are in immediate need due to loss of shelter, limited road access and poverty. According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) estimate, 1.9 Million people were in need of immediate food assistance, 1.5 million people require sanitation and hygiene support, ongoing medical care is needed for 2 million people, 1.5 million women and adolescents in need of dedicated support including 138, 000 pregnant women. Youth Action Nepal (YOAC) has been involved in earthquake relief and response work from the beginning focusing on disadvantaged and vulnerable communities.

https://youtu.be/Zc0YguDipq8

www.youthaction.org.np

With the response transforming from relief focused to rebuilding, rehabilitation and reconstruction phase, YOAC has also focused in helping families and communities to rebuild themselves psychologically, socially, emotionally and physically. Therefore, YOAC has been involved in construction (house and schools), relief distribution and psycho social support and motivation to earthquake affected communities through the engagement of young volunteers. Majority of the affected those received support came from indigenous, ethnic minorities, disable and single and elderly walks of life.

YOAC is using the expertise of its pool of volunteers that has experience in construction, youth motivation, psycho-social support, health counseling, drama presentation etc. YOAC is also engaged at national and local level bodies to advocate and ensure that the issues of affected communities are addressed effectively and timely.

To this instance, Government of Nepal has formed Post Earthquake Reconstruction Authority. Besides, the government has shown empathy by spotlighting the issues of earthquake victims by launching generous annual budget ever higher to NRs. 600 Billion. The National Planning Commission has taken some inventive actions by making an immediate assessment of the earthquake through Post Disaster Need Assessment (PDNA).

Implementing the project and achieving its objectives:

The major objective of the project was to support for affected communities and villages by helping in clean-up operations, building of temporary shelters, and moral assistance; through the mobilization of young volunteers.

YOAC mainly worked on three areas of support through the recruitment and mobilization of volunteers:

Psycho social Support and Youth Motivation Camps:

YOAC through several mediums like group motivational camps, peer to peer psychosocial counseling sessions, one to one counseling sessions, drama etc. reached out to around 7050 people through its psycho-social support and motivation camps aimed at stress relief and trauma healing, as well as creating awareness around earthquake preparedness and response. Many participants reported that these programs were immensely helpful for them to relieve from stress and build positive in the environment of crisis.

Relief materials for families:

Through the mobilization of volunteers, YOAC helped to reach out over 50 families from disadvantaged communities to support them relief materials as per their need, such as food, shelter, clothing, educational materials, construction materials etc. This was very helpful for families whose food and materials were destroyed in houses by earthquake. This aided in their sustenance as well education for some children.

Shelter Construction for Families:

Through the engagement of volunteer support, YOAC has supported to build temporary and permanent shelters for 213 families belonging to sociology-economically disadvantaged families in several earthquakes affected families.

Community building and School Construction:

Through volunteer’s involvement, YOAC supported in building 55 classrooms in several districts. The support will help to bring back over 1782 students back to classrooms and help them study without further fear of earthquake or rain.

Yuwalaya

Yuwalaya

Introduction:

Yuwalaya is collaboration between Youth Action Nepal, located in Kathmandu, Nepal and ABC – Active contributions for people and the environment, located in Lund, Sweden. Yuwalaya is Yourth Resource center where many youths can be a part of it.

Activities:

  1. Cafe
  2. Individual and Group Mentoring
  3. Library
  4. Outreach program
  5. Psychosocial Counselling
  6. Sports
  7. Health Consultation
  8. Workshop
SRHR

SRHR

YOAC aims to increase the awareness of over 40,000 youths on SRHR and develop youth friendly community services on family planning processes and effective preventative methods.

Youth Action Nepal is Leading organization working in the issues of Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights issue in Nepal. Currently, YoAC is running safe abortion project in 5 major district of nepal i.e Bara, Palpa, Dang, Kailali and Jhapa funed by Safe Abortion Action Funds (SAAF).

In order to strengthen access of SRHR issues to as many as people we have developed various online portal (SRHR Online Hub), Facebook page, Radio Program, SMS System etc. Subsequently, we empower people through street drama, Capacity Building Training in all project district  as well.

In addition to this Youth Action Nepal is dedicated in national level advocacy and lobby to ensure sexual and reproductive health and rights of Youth.

Peace

Peace

Peace and Social Harmony is one of the working themes of Youth Action Nepal (YOAC). Under this theme, YOAC has been implementing its interventions through 27 youth networks and five local partners in its strategic working locations in the country since 2005.

The main motto of peace building programs is to maximize number of youth facilitator for peace; ensure youth participation in all level on peace building and development process by promoting constructive role of youth. YOAC brings together local individual youth, community and government.

YOAC has done dozen of interventions to mitigate local level tensions and violence. YOAC work at all levels of society to build sustainable peace through four main avenues:

1. Research

YOAC identify the causes of conflict around the country and lesion learnt of the interventions ( Youth Position Paper, Charter of Nepalese Youth, National Youth Policy –program and progress, Documentary on”Sanghar ma Yuwa”, and “Sadbhawana”)

2. Dialogue

YOAC brings people together from various walks of life to help them better understanding their differences and resolve them peacefully (intergeneration dialogue, inter party dialogue, multi stake holder dialogue, dialogue among policy maker, implementer and right holder)

3. Training

YOAC provides youth with the skills that they need to support and bring about peace (training to leaders- reflecting peace practices, peace schools, work camps on peace and development)

4. Advocacy

YOAC advocate on national policies and practices that affect peace and ensure that the aspiration of local youth are heard locally and nationally ( TRC bill,A joint monitoring and evaluation on peace building intervention including ministry of peace and reconstruction)

Network : To burden YOAC’s peace building agendas in policy level, YOAC became a member of COCAP (Collective Campaign for Peace- a national network of NGOs working for peace) for joint advocacy with around other fifty likeminded peace building NGOs.

Partner : To the successful implementation of its strategy, YOAC has been partnering with National and International institutions such as in national level Norwegian Embassy, American Embassy, International Alert, Search for common ground, Equal Access Nepal, Care Nepal and Internationally MISEREOR Germany.

Safe Migration

Safe Migration

Youth Action Nepal is working on safe migration and rights of migrant workers issues since 2005. Youth Action Nepal’s working strategy and major activities on safe migration and rights of migrant workers. YOAC did the first research on India Nepal Migration in 2005.

YOAC Strategy 3E YOAC Strategy on Safe Migration Activities
Educate Safe Migration strategy I :

Pre-employment/pre departure awareness/education

 

  • YOAC is running three Migration Information Center (MIC) in Bara (Mid Terai), Palpa (Western) and Kailali (Far Western). YOAC provides right information to migrant workers, potential migrant workers and their family members about safe migration. There is one youth counselor in each MIC with equipped audio, video facilities and reference materials.
  •  YOAC/MIC is conducting regular community/youth awareness program in VDC level in partnership with Village Development Committee and other local CBOs in Bara, Palpa and Kailali.
  • YOAC also running awareness program on SRH among migrant workers, potential migrant workers and their family members through MIC and its district office in Jhapa, Bara, Palpa, Dang and Kailali
  • YOAC has prepared IEC materials to provide rights information to migrant workers. YOAC major publications are :
    • Safe Foreign Migration question and answer book
    • Women and foreign labour migration – Book
    • 4 posters
    • 3 stickers ( One in CMW, two are creating awareness focusing on women migrant workers)
    • Pre departure information leaflet

 

Empower Safe Migration strategy II :

Paralegal support to Migrant Workers

 

  • YOAC provides paralegal and legal support for migrant workers who seek support through MIC and other NGOs. We also refer/recommend cases of migrant workers to appropriate organization/institution who could support them.
  • YOAC is running facebook groups (Migrant Rights are Human Rights) to provide support and share information to people about safe migration, rights of migrant workers and legal information (the long term plan is to run a interactive social media site to provide information and interactive online forum to migrant workers and advocates)
Engage Safe Migration strategy III : Advocacy campaign and capacity building

 

  • YOAC conducted two researches. First report was on analytical research on safe migration laws, policy and program and second research was done on comparative research between Nepal and Srilanka focusing on government provision and programs to protect migrant workers.
    • YOAC has prepared Media and Safe Migration Training Manual to build capacity of media persons. YOAC already organized three series of media and migration training and trained 75 media persons on safe migration and rights of migrant workers issues.
    • YOAC is Ratification Campaign member of UN treaty on migration 1990 and ILO Domestic Workers Convention C189
    • YOAC is also actively engaged in issue based campaign such as save Dolma campaign, Save Amar Campaign etc
    • YOAC do regular consultation, meeting and dialogue with policy makers based on different issues
    • YOAC is translating three policy papers in Nepali ( Kafala System, Standard Contract and Minimum Wage – the English version were prepared by MFA)
    • YOAC actively engaged in national process of GFMD, Colombo Process and Abu Dhabi Dialogue
    • YOAC also engaged on issues of Nepal India migration. YOAC conducted six boarder cities dialogue and national policy workshop on Nepal India migration.

Affiliation/membership/networking

  • Member of Migrant Forum in Asia (MFA)
  • Active member of Migrant Rights International (MRI)
  • Founder member of National Network for Safe Migration (NNSM) and currently working as treasurer
  • Member of Human Rights Treaty Monitoring Coordination Committee (HRTMCC), Convention of Migrant Worker (CMW 1990) Committee

YOAC’s partners in safe migration and rights of migrant workers programs ( Past & Present)

  • Norwegian Human Rights Fund (NHRF)
  • UNIFEM
  • USAID/SARIQ project
  • Foreign Employment Promotion Board

Implementing partners of YOAC’s activities

  • Human Rights Journalist Association
  • DDC, VDC
  • PNCC
  • WOREC
Democracy and Youth Participation

Democracy and Youth Participation

YOAC aims to enhance youth participation and leadership whilst promoting a democratic and peaceful culture through engaging over 500 local youth peace facilitators to build five model villages of social harmony. YOAC also aims to engage over 4,000 youths to participate in various community peace-building initiatives.