YOAC aims to develop the organization as a Human Rights Learning Centre in order to educate youth and prepare multiplier frontline HR activists from grassroots to national level.
By 2005, over 12,000 people had died from the decade long Maoist insurgency. Nepal plunged into a deeper democratisation crisis when former King Gyanendra dismissed the Prime Minister, taking over all executive responsibilities and declaring a state of emergency.
While promising a return to democracy within three years after the defeat the Maoist rebels, many politicians were detained, media was restricted, security force powers increased and many civil liberties were suspended in order to prevent mass demonstrations.
Maoist rebels and main opposition parties agree on a programme to restore democracy in Nepal.
2006 was marked by the famous People’s Movement for Democracy – a nineteen-day protest from 6th – 24th April against the illegitimate rule of the royal regime.
The power of the people successfully toppled King Gyanendra’s autocratic rule and reinstating the dissolved House of Parliament. United together, Nepali people in the streets demanded holding elections for Constituent Assembly for the formation of an interim government.
Towards the end of the year, the multiparty alliance signed a historic peace deal with the Maoists ending a decade of violence and ushering in hopes for long-term peace. The Maoists are to join the transitional government.
Youth involvement in the development of ‘new Nepal’ has never become more crucial in ensuring sustainable peace.
In 2008, the first historic meeting of the Constituent Assembly declared Nepal as a federal democratic republic. The newly formed Constituent Assembly was more representative and inclusive in terms of embracing people from underprivileged and marginalized communities, gender and ethnicity compared to past parliamentarian practices.
However, due to the lack of proper handling of the transitional phase by the newly formed government, many demonstrations continued from different political parties, ethnic groups and interest groups. The safe landing of the peace process and drafting of an inclusive constitution accepted by all people forms Nepal’s next greatest challenge.
After the sacking of the army chief by the Maoist ministers, the major supporting parties withdrew their support for the government and followed by the resignation of CPN UML ministers followed by then prime minister Puspa Kamal Dahal.
The following government, once formed, fell short of a fully-fledged cabinet form due to delay in the nomination of ministers by the respective parties. CPN U Maoist clearly stated their disagreement and protested, causing the public to question the success of constitution making process and the peace process.
This public sense of doubt grew with the continuous disruptions to parliament resulting in constitution making process delays.
In 2010, the country fell once again into a political crisis where the government fell into a political deadlock over constitution drafting and budgeting. Without a newly elected Prime Minister, the country continued to drift in a state of statelessness.
The public, particularly youth, grew increasingly frustrated, dissatisfied and begun to lose hope with country’s lack of progress towards peace, constitution drafting, security and economic development.
large anti-government protests occur for the first time since the election of the new government.